The time period “summary art” is like the time period “trendy music” in the sense that it’s a very broad umbrella sheltering a wide variety of artwork. In Byzantine and Medieval art of the Western Middle Ages, a lot artwork centered on the expression of subjects about Biblical and non secular culture, and used types that showed the upper glory of a heavenly world, reminiscent of the usage of gold in the background of work, or glass in mosaics or windows, which also offered figures in idealized, patterned (flat) forms.
Avante-garde works like Marcel Duchamp’s ready-mades”—ordinary unaltered objects like snow-shovels (In Advance of the Damaged Arm) and bottle-racks—conceptual works like Robert Barry’s All the things I know but of which I’m not for the time being pondering—1:36 PM; June 15, 1969, and John Cage’s 4′33″, have seemed to many philosophers to lack and even, somehow, repudiate, the traditional properties of artwork: meant aesthetic curiosity, artifactuality, even perceivability.
The western Age of Enlightenment in the 18th century saw artistic depictions of bodily and rational certainties of the clockwork universe, as well as politically revolutionary visions of a put up-monarchist world, equivalent to Blake ‘s portrayal of Newton as a divine geometer, or David ‘s propagandistic work.
The creative arts (art as self-discipline) are a set of disciplines which produce artworks (artwork as objects) which can be compelled by a personal drive (artwork as activity) and convey a message, mood, or symbolism for the perceiver to interpret (artwork as expertise).
Such intellectual experimentation continued all through the twentieth century in movements resembling conceptual art and minimalism By the turn of the 21st century, a wide range of new media (e.g., video artwork ) further challenged conventional definitions of art.