Short Course on Tribes – Covering The Basics

Characteristics Of The Piqua Shawnee Tribe

The Piqua Shawnee tribe is an officially recognized tribe among the Indian people. The national celebrations of heritage days, the Piqua Shawnee are invited by the Alabama state so that celebrations are done together. The Shawnee tribe was a nomadic tribe of farmers and hunters who migrated various areas of Southeast and Northeast. A majority of the Shawnee tribe assumed the European style of clothes because these were the people they stayed with. Originally, the Shawnee tribe lived in the Tennessee region, but they later spread to other parts of America. Apart from Tennessee region, other tribal territories for the Shawnee people were Ohio, Kansas, Texas, Pennsylvania, South Carolina and Oklahoma.

The climate, natural resources and the geography of a place are some of the factors that shaped the lifestyles of the Shawnee people. Movement from one place to another was something usual for the Shawnee tribe, and that made them establish contact with other tribes that shared the native Indian culture. Peaceful coexistence was recognized by the recognized by the Shawnee tribe, and that is why they avoided neighbors that liked conflicts. Another cause for the displacement of the Shawnee to other parts can be attributed to the coming of the European settlers who colonized them. Because of chaos, the numbers of the Shawnee decreased significantly. Some of the settlers came with ailments such as flu and fever which later spread to the rest of the population and that did not spare them. The Shawnee had temporary housing made of sticks, ropes and hides and that was because they nomadic.

The temporary houses in which the Shawnee lived in were made in a shape of a cone, and they were referred to as wigwams. The wigwams which are cone-shaped are made of wooden frames that are protected by woven mats or hides that are held in place by ropes. The tribe had one dominant language which they used to communicate with one another, and it was known as Anglonquian. The tribe adapted to what was available, and their livelihoods were therefore shaped with such. It is however good to note that most of the farming was done by the women of the tribe. Apart from farming, women were also tasked with cooking and taking care of the children.

For the men, their main tasks were fishing and hunting. Various animals like turkey, dear, buffalo and the bear were the ones mainly found in the plains for hunting. The beaver, deer, raccoon and the squirrel, were the main animals that were hunted by those that were in the woodland areas. The tribe maintained long hair and cutting was only necessary when one was to be engaged in a battle. Some of the weapons that were utilized are like spears, bows and arrows, knives, hatchet axes, clubs of different sizes and lances.

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