Junk has been an integral a part of human life since pre-historic times. At the similar time, the idea of “utilitarianism” (functionality or usefulness) was used to differentiate the more noble “fine arts” (art for artwork’s sake), like portray and sculpture, from the lesser types of “utilized art”, reminiscent of crafts and commercial design work, and the decorative “decorative arts”, like textile design and inside design.
So there are representational or mimetic definitions, expressive definitions, and formalist definitions, which hold that artworks are characterized by their possession of, respectively, representational, expressive, and formal properties. I’ve always felt an affinity in direction of the visible arts, though I studied art of philosophy.
A seminal moment on this dialogue occurred in 1917, when Dada artist Marcel Duchamp submitted a porcelain urinal entitled Fountain to a public exhibition in New York City Via this act, Duchamp put forth a brand new definition of what constitutes a murals: he implied that it is sufficient for an artist to deem one thing art” and put it in a publicly accepted venue Implicit within this gesture was a problem to the established artwork institutions—equivalent to museums, exhibiting teams, and galleries—which have the power to find out what’s and is not considered art.
Up till the late nineteenth century, most portray and sculpture adhered to conventional principles. Beardsley, Monroe, 1982, The Aesthetic Level of View, Ithaca, New York: Cornell College Press. No surprise Leonardo Da Vinci and Michelangelo went to such efforts to elevate the status of artists (and by implication artwork itself) onto a extra intellectual aircraft.
So while momentary art-fashions could often promote works of apparently doubtful worth, the general public (as well as the creative community) is unlikely to face by and allow bad artwork to develop into commonplace. Although notion is always colored by experience, and is essentially subjective, it’s commonly understood that what is not someway aesthetically satisfying can’t be art.